TCM Program: Year 2

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Traditional Chinese Medicine Program (Practitioner & Doctor)

The focus of the second year is to introduce the more technical elements of Chinese medicine. These include acupuncture points and techniques of acu-moxa treatment as well as Chinese medicinal substances and Chinese medicinal formulas. In this year, students will be introduced to the classical view of mental and emotional disharmony patterns and their absolute importance to a wide variety of illnesses. Students will continue their study of counseling skills and begin their study of Western Pathology, Tui Na (clinical massage) and Qi Gong (understanding and training qi).

If the study of the foundations of TCM in Year 1 is likened to the roots, trunk and main branches of a tree, then study in Year 2 may be likened to the small branches and leaves. Students will assimilate a vast amount of detailed knowledge in the relevant fields of TCM. This knowledge is often experienced as somewhat overwhelming at the time; however, it will serve as the “fuel for the fire” as it is constantly re-examined during the integration phase in the following years of study.

YEAR TWO: Term 3 – Fall

ACU201. Acumoxa Techniques (didactic & clinical) 3.5 credits. This combined lab/lecture course introduces needling and moxa techniques most commonly used by practitioners of TCM. Some topics include: clean needle technique, single and compound filiform needling methods, pi fu zhen, indirect moxa methods, water, fire, and suction cupping, scalp acupuncture, Korean and regular hand acupuncture, gua sha, auricular acupuncture. Reference is made to the great classics of Acu-Moxa including the Zhen Jiu Da Chang and Golden Needle. Prerequisites: ACU161, ACU164

ACU240. Acupuncture Lab II (clinical) 1 credit. An introduction to insertion, retraction, single and compound needling techniques, as introduced in ACU201. Students will develop the finger strength and dexterity required to adequately perform all filiform needling techniques covered. Clinical skills in regards to Clean Needle Technique, appropriate selection of needling methods, treatment of specific anatomical structures, and the patient-therapist relationship are explored as an automatic aspect of the needling process. In the latter part of this course, students will learn how to needle selected points on the extremities, as well as, auricular points. Concurrent with ACU201

BMS297. Western Pathology I (didactic) 2 credits. Study will help to familiarize the student with the etiology and pathological mechanisms of common diseases from an allopathic perspective. Abnormal cell function, injury, adaptation, death and inflammation, as well as diseases of the Immune system (hypersensitivity, autoimmunity, immunodeficiency), circulatory and cardiovascular system will be covered. Prerequisite: BMS197, BMS198

BMS299. Orthopaedic Pathology (didactic and simulated) 3 credits. This course will discuss structural and degenerative pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, with particular focus on causes and assessment, and pediatric orthopedic pathology.

CP225. Clinical Observation I (clinical) 1 credit. The first in a series of Clinical Observation courses: An initial exposure to the day-to-day running of the TCM clinic with focus on observation of the diagnostic and treatment procedure. Successful completion of all first and concurrent second year courses at discretion of the Academic Dean.

CS205. Interview Skills (clinical) 3 credits. Students learn to perfect their TCM interview and communication skills, relay information for use by other health practitioners, critically assess personal performance setting goals for improvement, and review material from TCM151 to aid in formulating a suitable diagnosis and treatment plan. Prerequisites: TCM101 (or TCM111 and TCM112), TCM151

CS227.Professional Relationships (didactic) 0.5 credits. An introduction to the public health system. Students will meet health professionals from a variety of Fields including naturopathy chiropractic, homeopathy, osteopathy, massage therapy, and physio Therapy.

PC208. Dao Yin (practical) 2 credits. A physical exercise class which offers basic ethodologies of Qi Gong practice: regulation of qi, through breath control, sound, visualization ,intent, osture, and energetic sensitivity. This course will involve the study of several qi gong systems, breathing methods, and the therapeutic approach of qi gong as a clinical treatment method. Prerequisites: PC106 or concurrent

TCM203. Chinese Herbology (didactic & practical) 8 credits. An introduction to the Chinese materia medica, including classification of medicine; properties, functions and toxicity of each medicine; preparation and processing of medicines; and, interactions of medicines. Clinical identification of medicines is also covered. Prerequisites: TCM151

TCM204. Chinese Medicine History (didactic) 2 credits. This lecture course looks at the evolution and underpinnings of TCM in the context of Chinese culture and world events.

TCM292. Psychiatry of TCM I (didactic) 2 credits. Students will develop and understanding of psychiatry according to TCM theory. Models used to explore aspects of the mind, emotions, and thought will be used to discuss pathology and approach to treatment. ACU102, TCM151, CS167

Total Credits, Term 3: 28.5


YEAR TWO: Term 4 – Winter

ACU241. Acupuncture Lab III (clinical) 2 credits. In this practical lab, students will apply the techniques introduced in ACU201: gua sha, cupping, moxibustion, blood-letting, pi fu zhen, Korean and regular hand acupuncture, auricular acupuncture, scalp acupuncture, and filiform needling methods. ACU164, ACU201, ACU240

ACU251. Acumoxa Therapeutics I (didactic) 7 credits. This course is designed to prepare the student for clinical practice through examination of all common illnesses in terms of: etiology, pathomechanism, differential diagnosis of symptom-complexes, principles of treatment, selection of appropriate acupoints and acumoxa treatment methods, prognosis and advice to patients. Patient treatments observed in clinic will be further analysed in class. Students will be able to analyze and properly approach all diseases covered in terms of acumoxa therapy. Students will learn to integrate previously learned knowledge into the therapeutic thought process. ACU161, ACU201 concurrent: ACU241 & CP210 or CP255

BMS287. Microbiology & Immunology (didactic) 2 credits. Investigation of the fundamental concepts and principles of human immunology and microbiology as it relates to human pathology. Prerequisite: BMS197, BMS198 (or concurrent).

BMS298. Western Pathology II (didactic) 4 credits. Study will help to familiarize the student with the etiology and pathological mechanisms of common diseases from an allopathic perspective. Diseases of the liver and pancreas, the digestive system and childhood diseases will be covered. Prerequisite: BMS197, BMS198

CP220. Tui Na Clinic I (clinical) 2 credits. Tui Na clinic gives students an opportunity to review and apply skills learned in TCM256 Tui Na Therapeutics. Emphasis for this clinic will be on mastery of Tui Na manipulations and practicing diagnosis and differentiation.

CP255D. Clinical Observation I  (clinical) 3 credits. A continuation of Clinical Observation I with focus on observation of the diagnostic and treatment procedure. Prerequisite: Successful completion of all first and concurrent second year courses at discretion of the Academic Dean.

CS267. Communication Skills II (didactic & practical) 2 credits. A further study of principles and ethics of therapeutic counselling. Focus is on methods of interaction. Prerequisites: CS167

TCM253. Chinese Herbal Formulas (didactic) 7 credits. This course will explore fundamental TCM concepts through study of herbal formulas, and examination of the methods of composing and tailoring formulas for specific patterns. Prerequisite: TCM203

TCM256. Tui Na Therapeutics (didactic) 2 credits. An introduction to the physical manipulations, treatment theory and treatment principles of Tui Na. Muscle layers of the surface anatomy will be included. The systematic treatment of basic illnesses with Tui na; a continuation into the study of acupuncture point function; the use of implements and mediums (oils, liniments) to aid in the manipulation of tissue or qi. The diagnosis and treatment of internal medicine disorders as well as pediatric and orthopedic tui na will be covered. Prerequisites: ACU161, ACU164, BMS197, BMS198

Total Credits, Term 4: 29

Year 2 Total Credits: 57.5
Year 2 Credit Hours: 862.5

Course Synopsis/Credits: TCM Doctor (5years)

Course Synopsis/Credits: TCM Practitioner (4years)

Course Descriptions


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TCM Herbalist Program TCM Herbalist Program - Year 1 TCM Herbalist Program - Year 2 TCM Herbalist Program - Year 3